Jennifer Morehead

Studio 2

IxD 310

This course focuses on microinteractions. Microinteractions are the small pieces of functionality that are all around us. Focusing on them is the way to create a superior user experience. Examples: which way should a carousel scroll on a webpage when user clicks a button with this arrow: > ? Left or right? When a mouse wheel is moved towards the computer screen (away from the user) which way should the page scroll - up or down?.


Maxim Safioulline


February 16 – July 15, 2021


UX Research and Design


Illustrator, Adobe XD, Figma, After Effects

Final Project: Spex Case Study

Spex Case Study

After a successful final presentation, we gathered all of our documentation and project artifacts to compile a case study of our product and process. Probably the most important part of design, but sometimes the most daunting, making the case study can often remind you of all of the plot twists and turns from inception to completion.

The process of creating Spex was a joy. Our team collaborated well, brought unique skills and ideas to the table, were flexible in our ideas, and challenged each other to push our idea further.

We learned that with new technologies, half of the battle is helping your audience understand the concept in the first place. Even though immersive technologies have been around for some time, the possibilities and delineation of processes are still somewhat ambiguous to most. In addition to refining our product design, our process was very much about context and learning how to tell the story of Spex without overwhelming people with the technology.

spex composite image

Final Project: Concept Presentation

Concept Presentation

The feedback from our refined UI helped us to connect the dots in our final concept presentation. We had shown a variety of UI modalities separately but needed to move towards visualizing them together. We created animations that combined the physical product with the UI as well gesture and visual UI together.

We also realized we needed to better tell the story of Spex as a collaborative network. We re-introduced our original personas and showed what role they would play in how Spex is used.

ui image

Final Project: Refined UI

Refined UI

After our heuristic evaluation, we realized we needed to establish gestures and specific voice commands to accompany the visual UI. We also wanted to show the visual interation that would accompany voice commands as well the UI for some of the primary use cases, such as browsing skills.

ui image
ui gif
Ask Spex
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Spex Menu
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Spex Community
ui gif
Low Battery

Final Project: UI and Heuristics

User Interface

The next step in our final project was to create a first draft of our user interface. Our system is for Spex, a smart AR/MR headware that assists learning of technologies and operations. Wearing this device, the user can see their natural environment with overlaid information and options to view skills, create skills, and/or reach out to a verified expert.

We imagine this device to rely heavily on voice interaction. There would be a minimal icon in the user field of view that would serve as an expandable menu for more options. Users can ask spex for help learning a specific function by saying "Spex, show me how to. . .". While there are visual UI icons to confirm voice commands, the primary input will remain voice.

Lastly, we performed a heuristic evaluation of our initial UI pass. We learned that there are many functions we had yet to anticipate such as account creation, community interaction, and what the skills creation interface might look like. These will be addressed in the next round of UI development.

ui image

Final Project: System Diagram


The purpose of this exercise was to consider the technical and material components of our proposed systems and how they will interact together. For our product design class, our team created concept sketches. We considered the various componenets that would be needed in AR glasses such as a camera, laser, wifi, battery source, audio in and out, etc. We looked at all of the input components, their processes, and the resulting output and built a diagram. We also illustrated storyboards to help show the system flow. This process brought up key questions about the need for certain components and how they would behave. Do you really need a power button or should the glasses just sleep when not being used. Do you really need a touch UI if the primary interaction is voice and visual input? These questions are ones we are still trying to answer and will hopefully develop further with feedback and iteration.

diagram image

Final Project: Project Proposal and Characters


Adjusting to new tools and software in a professional environment can be challenging. Looking for help on the internet is often time consuming and disrupts the productivity of employees. But what if we could get instant help, right when we need it? Our goal is to provide you with a tool that will allow you to learn quickly with visual solutions without the need to disrupt your workflow. By utilizing AR glasses, concise instructional content, and metadata, we can provide visual assistance overlaid onto your workspace quickly and more efficiently. We imagine this to be a collaborative platform where the instructional content is provided by the users as well, potentially incentivized by monetization of content views.

proposal image

Character 1: Jeremy

28 year old Jeremy Diaz lives in a studio apartment in Denver, Colorado. He grew up in Fort Collins, not far north of the city raised mostly by his single mom and older sister. When his sister Monica moved out,Jeremy was in junior high. He was never the best student, but having Monica around helped keep him in line. With her gone, he started slacking off at school and struggled to stay motivated.

Even with his so-so grades, Jeremy was accepted to the state college, but had a hard time focusing and dropped out at age 19. He spent a few years working odd jobs and spent his free time drawing. A friend asked him to create a logo for his small business which prompted Jeremy to learn how to turn his drawings into digital art. Seeing his creation come to life sparked something in him that he hadn’t felt before.

Little by little, Jeremy began to take steps to learn more about design. He took some online classes and picked up more freelance jobs from friends. He wanted nothing more than to quit his delivery job but was too scared to apply for a real design position without a degree. One of his freelance clients referred him to an apparel company that was looking for an in house designer. After scrambling to put together a portfolio and got the job.

After a year at the company, Jeremy’s manager asked if he could do some small animations for some promotional social media content. Without hesitation, Jeremy said “Sure, no problem.” He was always a self starter and didn’t want to risk losing the job that he had worked so hard for. After scouring motion and animation tutorials, Jeremey realized he needed some help. He had so many questions, but had a hard time finding the answers he was looking for and was feeling lost in information overload. He wondered if there was a better way to sift through all of the content to find the answers that were specific to his needs.

character jeremy

Character 2: Emma

Emma Sheldon, a 32 year old motion graphics designer, lives in North West London in a flat with her girlfriend Sarah. Born and raised in France, Emma took some time to travel after high school before attending a design school in New York in hear early twenties. Missing Europe, Emma moved to London for a job at a design firm when she was 28.

Emma always loved creating characters. Ever since she was little, she drew in the corners of her notebooks as school, flipping the pages to make the drawings move. She thought one day she might be an animator, but when she took motion design classes at school, she realized she loved the whole process, not just the animating.

When her friends were out socializing, Emma stayed in to geek out on new software and tutorials. She loved learning new tips and tricks and creating visual effects. Sometimes she got frustrated by finding the right tutorials though. They were either too long with not enough useful information, or too fast and skipped steps. She thought she could do it better. Sarah always encouraged her to create her own tutorials, but she didn’t know where to start. She wondered if there was a platform that could help her format the information she wanted to share.

character emma

Final Project: Design Research

Brief: re-imagine what a collaborative workspace process could look like - what tools we would need, what processes could we implement, what methods could we employ to create a better setup for co-creation

Scenarios and Observation

Our final project brief challenged us to look at how work has changed due to the pandemic and re-think the tools and processes we use. My teammates and I focused on the challenges of learning new tools and technology. In class we used a miro board to ideate on new ideas in tech, media, and society. After downselecting topics from those categories, we brainstormed scenarios in which those new ideas could be applied to learning new tools. In addition to creating scenarios, we kept an observation diary of our experiences learning new technologies. I focused mine on learning Gravity Sketch on the Oculus.

spike swot

Midterm Project: Redesign Email Client Part 2

Revised Prototype and Presentation

After presenting our prototype concepts to the class in round robin style, we took into consideration the feedback we received. We recognized that even though we wanted to eliminated email threads and present a more conversational view, many people still need a more standard email option for longer or more formal correspondence. Ultimately we kept the same customizable layout, but tried to better utilize the space and allow for flexible email options.

Download Presentation
spike swot

Midterm Project: Redesign Email Client Part 1

SWOT Analysis | Spike

The challege for this project is to redesign the interactions users have with desktop email clients. My teammate and I started by performing a SWOT analysis of two existing email clients. Spike attempts to shift email threads into converstaions to eliminate long chaings. It encourages multimedia messaging and provides a more lighthearted approach to email. On the flip side, keeping things simple can lead to hidden features.

spike email ui
Spike Email UI
spike swot

SWOT Analysis | Mailbird

Another email client we evaluated was Mailbird. A common praise of Mailbird was for it's ability to handle multiple inboxes. The snooze feature was also highly valued. Unfortunately, the organizing filters may work too well in that users often found emails to be sorted as they arrived and they weren't able to easily scan for new messages.

mailbird email ui
Mailbird Email UI
mailbird swot

Concept | Palette

For our concept, we wanted to incorporate the most desired features in a layout that moved away from the traditional lists of email. Our priorities were to include the option for multiple inboxes, viewing email chains as conversations, snoozing emails for later, app integration, and a kanban style layout with the option to customize boards with the categories that were the most useful to them. We called the concept Palette to reflect the idea that you fill you have the power to arrange your email board in a way that works for you.

Palette Proto 01
Palette Proto 01
Palette Kanban Mode
Palette Proto 02
Palette Kanbna Mode With Email Conversation

Microinteraction: Redesign

Weather App | Android

For this exercise, my teammates and I were tasked to redesign a weather app interaction on either Android or iOS. With two of us haveing Android phones and two of us having iPhones, it was interesting to evaluate and compared the existing weather apps. We collectively agreed that the iPhone app was more informative with a nicer design but could have stand to simplify it's interface for easier digestibility. The Android app on the other hand, was extremely simple and didn't provide enough information. Both interfaces required the user to scroll to receive all the information offered.

android weathe app gif
Galaxy s7 Android Weather App

For our redesign, our goal was to improve the Android app by looking to the iPhone for inspiration while maintaining simplicity. We also wanted to reduce the user's need scroll and focus the screen on the information that was most important to the user.

We updated the Android graph visual with a fluid background curve. The warm and cool colors of the gradient fill correlate to the temperatures as well as the y position of the weather icons. We felt This was a better visual alternative to the graph. We gave metrics like precipiation, air quality, and sunset times higher priority over weekly weather as it had to do with what's happening today.

Lasty, rather than having the user scroll or swipe for alternative city weather information, we placed it on a card that the user could bring into view while leaving the current city still prominently displayed.

redesign weathe app gif
Galaxy s7 Android Weather App
weather redesign screen
Redesign Default Screen
weather redesign screen
Redesign Springloaded Screen
weather redesign screen
Redesign Cities Card

Feedback, Loops, Modes

Recontextualizing the triple click

Select Some | Android

For this exercise, my teammate Cole and I looked and somewhat problematic microinteractions to recontextualize and improve. We focused on the triple click in a browser that selects a paragraph of text rather than all or just the word. This is a hidden feature that many aren't aware is there. We looked at the select funtion on Android phones and noticed there was only the option to select all. Selecting a paragraph meant cumbersomely dragging end point indicators are the desired text. Perhapss if we updated the pop up options to include a "select section" and incorporated icons, it could be a more effective interaction.

android select all
select some concept image
Mockup by Cole Grodnitsky

Agregate Similar | Museum Wall

In thinking about the concept of the triple click to select information within the context of a museum touchscreen, we thought about a digital museum wall. Museums are gatekeepers to information. What if in addition to learning about an item you touched, triple clicking that item would agregate all of the related information that the muesum had access to?

museum wall screensnap
digital museum wall concept

Select Some | Trello

Lastly, we imagined how the triple click selection interaction might appear in a web app. We took a look at how Trello, a kanban board organizational tool, allows users to select items. One can easily select one item to drag from board to board, but selecting more than one requires opening the menu and only allowing you to select all. Perhaps if we applied the triple click, all of the board items would activate and a user could grab the ones they wanted to move. After the action, the items would deactivate.

trello screensnap
trello interaction concept

Feedback, Loops, Modes

See prior post for microinteraction references

Switching Modes

I have a love hate relationship with real estate websites. I love looking for properties, I hate how overpriced everything is. My real estate service of choice is Redfin, mainly for their ease and convenience of browsing listings.

I compared Redfin with Zillow to get a better understanding of why I gravitated towards Redfin. Immediately I saw that Redfin allows you to get a snapshot view of a property without disrupting your search. As shown in the gif below, I can click on properties in the map view of Redfin and the snapshot information is updated in the right panel with the selected property. If I try to do this in Zillow, a modal pops up and overtakes my viewing area. I can no longer see the map and my attention must be focused on that individual property view.

I much prefer the interaction on Redfin as it allows me to more seamlessly navigate all of the Los Angeles properties that I cannot afford. I can obtain all the information I need quickly from the sidebar as well as favorite it for later viewing before I decide to take a deeper dive. Redfin's absence of a close up property mode is more efficient and pleasant for my needs.

ntc app gif
Redfin vs Zillow moes

Feedback Evaluation of Prior Examples

The end of scroll feedback in the NTC example used a pressure sensitive visual cue. I found the feedback to be successsful in that it was non-invasive, quick, and got the message across clearly.

The swap language interaction from Google Translate was successful but had potentional for problems with clarity. The animation was brief and clearly indicated a swap had occurred. However, given that many countries do not read left to right, there could be confusion as to which language is the input and which is the output

The Google podcast play button clearly indicates the action with animation, yet I am unsure if it is necessary for the animation to continue until the state changes again. A simple change of icon to pause perhaps in green to indicate that this is the actively playing episode could suffice with less distraction.

Decipher the Rules

Breaking down microinteractions

End of Scroll Inateraction

Nike Training Club Mobile App | Android

When I chose this microinteraction, I thought it was unique to the Nike Training Club App, but I have since noticed it on a variety of other apps on my Android phone. It does differ however in color from app to app. The interaction is triggered by the user scrolling. When there is no more content, continued attempts at scrolling will result in a pressure sensitive animation of a transparent abstract shape. The interaction will continue as long as the user attempts to scroll and there is no more content. They could choose to scroll in the opposite direction and reach the same result once they reach another dead end.

ntc app gif
NTC end of scroll animation
ntc app flowchart
Flowchart for end of scroll interaction

Swap Language Interaction

Google Translate Mobile App | Android

This is a simple user initiated interaction in the Google Translate mobile app. Users translate from one language to another. Sometimes they want to swap the languages, often to check the accuracy of the translation. Pushing the central swap button with swap the language input and output. The interaction concludes after one swap. It can be initiated again at any time.

google translate app gif
Google Translate swap language animation
ntc app flowchart
Flowchart for swap language interaction

Google Podcast Play Episode Interaction

Google Podcast Mobile App | Android

Goole Podcast has an interactive play button for their episodes. Once the user triggers the play button, the image changes into an animating audio bar icon to indicate the audio from the episode has started playing. The animation will continue so long as the episode is playing. When the animated icon is pressed, the interaction ends and the button reverts back to the static play button.

google podcast app gif
Google Podcast play episode interaction
ntc app flowchart
Flowchart play episode interaction

Designing Microinteractions

Selected quotes from chapters 1 & 2

Insight 1

As DeRouchey says in “The History of the Button”, “The button meant for the first time the result of the human motion could be completely different from the motion [it creates] itself.” Action became abstracted.

The portable radio cassette player pictured is what I grew up with. You flipped a switch to turn it on. You turned a dial that was directly correlated to the volume level. You could see the physical bar scroll past the radio station channels as you manipulated the wheel. Pressing play turned gears that turned wheels that spun a physical cassette tape.

cassette player
Vintage Portable Radio Cassette Player

Much has changed since then. As the years have gone by, more and more buttons, levers, and dials have slowly disappeared from my world. Replaced by voice commands and touch screens, I am less connected to the things I am controlling. In some ways, this a blessing. I have fewer unique machines and things to have to deal with and operate. The controls are more streamlined and consistent, and usually all from within the comfort of my smartphone.

I've come to realize that many of the UI icons still tied to tangible interactions will likely soon change as they have no meaning to today's generation. Using a floppy disc image to represent save or a manual phone to end a video call doesn't make sense anymore. Just as our technology has evolved, so must our visual language to control it.

Insight 2

Even more than with triggers, feedback is the place to express the personality of the product. Indeed, feedback could be said, along with the overall form, to completely define the product’s personality.

When trying to design a product or service, we're taught to focus categorize features by importance - must have, should have, could have, will not have. We're also constantly being withheld from even thinking about design until we have made understood the problem and made a blueprint for a solution.

google microinteraction
Google Feedback Micro-interaction

Diving into the details of feedback micro-interactions may not initially seem that it carries much weight in the grand scheme of product design, but it is those details that separate your product from others. Those details bring an element of fun and surprise that make someone enjoy and remember their experience.

Google doesn't really need to do anything other than provide a search input field and return results. However, they've chosen to create moments to bring a bit of joy to the monotony of surfing the web. Their inclusion of a randomized search feature such as "I'm Feeling Lucky" or "I'm Feeling Generous" has a choose your own adventure feel to it.

They could have stopped there and introduced you to something new and interesting. Instead, they reward you for finding something new and offer animated feedback to celebrate it.

These micro-moments set their experience apart. It's certainly won't make up for a bad product or lack of other features, but when you've got a solid platform to begin with, these moments can take it to the next level.

Insight 3

The third principle of manual triggers is to bring the data forward. The trigger itself can reflect the data contained inside the microinteraction.

This quote makes me think of the now-classic hamburger menu and how it came to be. When I first saw one, I had no clue what it was or did. Little did I know it was first introduced back in 1981 by Norm Cox with the intention of representing a menu list.

If we are to reflect the data, then shouldn't we be using skeuomorphism in our icons? Unfortunately, skeuomorphic design can create an inconsistent look across an application for a less engaging experience.

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Perhaps we should be highlighting the action of the information as shown in these two examples. Having a UI button for a light and dark interface toggle between a sun and a moon is a simple and universal way to communicate the idea. I particularly like the animation of the pay now button that mimics the swipe of a credit card to very clearly illustrate the action that is taking place. Of course, this may become outdated when we are all paying with bitcoin via our digital wallets, but these are some unique and clever ways to showcase data with action and animation to help create a joyful and intuitive micro-moment.

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“Pop-up error alerts are the tool of the lazy. If an error does occur, the microinteraction should do everything in its power to fix it first”

Dan Saffer

Microinteractions, Designing with Details


I am just beginning this class so I don't have anything to reflect on yet! I am looking forward to digging deep into micro-moments and micro-interactions to find the heart of what makes an experience memorable.